The shoulder is a complex joint where several bones, muscles, and ligaments connect the upper extremity to the chest. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that attach to the bones of the shoulder joint providing movement and stability to the shoulder. There are many exercises that can be performed to focus on the rotator cuff muscles. These exercises help to improve movement and stability of the joint during activity thereby minimizing injury or dislocations. Exercise also helps rehabilitate the shoulder after injury and prevent joint stiffness.
Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most often in the elderly. This disease affects the tissue covering the ends of bones in a joint called cartilage. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage becomes damaged and worn out, causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and restricted movement in the affected joint. Although osteoarthritis may affect various joints including the hips, knees, hands, and spine, the hip joint is most commonly affected.
Osteoarthritis is also called degenerative joint disease and is the most common type of arthritis, occurring most often in the elderly. This disease affects the cartilage, the tissue that cushions and protects the ends of bones in a joint. With osteoarthritis, the cartilage starts to wear away over time. In extreme cases, the cartilage can completely wear away, leaving nothing to protect the bones in a joint, causing bone-on-bone contact.
The shoulder is considered one of the most mobile joints in the body, but a fall, accident, trauma or disease can cause pain, weakness, numbness, instability and sometimes disability. The first line of treatment for shoulder problems include rest, immobilization, ice application, NSAIDs and steroid injections. When these conservative treatments do not relieve symptoms and in cases of severe injuries, your doctor will suggest surgical treatment.